Best Essential Oils For Bed Bugs | How To Use Essential Oil Spray To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs Or Kill Bed Bugs


When it comes to dealing with bed bugs, it’s essential to have a comprehensive and effective strategy in place. These tiny, blood-sucking pests can quickly infest your home, causing discomfort and sleepless nights. While there are various methods to combat bed bug infestations, one natural and increasingly popular approach is the use of essential oils. 

Bed bugs are small insects that feed on human blood, typically during the night when their hosts are asleep. They are notorious for their ability to hide in cracks and crevices, making them challenging to detect and eliminate. Bed bug bites can lead to itching, redness, and even allergic reactions in some individuals, making it imperative to address the issue promptly. When it comes to tackling a pest problem like bed bugs, many wonder if essential oils may offer a natural solution.

“Do essential oils work on bed bugs?” The answer is that many essential oils really work on bed bugs due to their natural repellent properties.

Essential oils have gained recognition as effective alternatives to chemical pesticides. They offer a natural and safe way to combat bed bugs while minimizing the risk of harmful side effects. Homemade sprays containing essential oils may repel or kill bed bugs effectively, providing an alternative to chemical treatments.

In this article, we will delve into the world of essential oils for bed bugs and explore how they can be a potent solution to this common problem.

Best Essential Oils For Bed Bugs 

The following essential oils are best to get rid of a bed bug:

1. Lavender Essential Oil

Lavender oil is renowned for its soothing aroma, but it also serves as an excellent bed bug repellent. Bed bugs find the scent of lavender unpleasant, making it an ideal choice to deter them from infesting your sleeping area. Spray around a certain amount of essential oil of lavender and restrict bed bugs from coming near your bed. This essential oil is safe to use around different areas in your home.

2. Tea Tree Essential Oil

Tea tree oil possesses powerful antimicrobial properties. When used against bed bugs, it can disrupt their life cycle and hinder their ability to reproduce. Its pungent scent is a natural deterrent and is one of the best oils to get rid of pests.

3. Peppermint Essential Oil

Bed bugs don’t like certain scents, and peppermint essential oils can be a powerful deterrent for these pests. Peppermint oil has a refreshing scent that humans adore, but bed bugs detest. Its strong odor confuses bed bugs, making it difficult for them to locate their hosts.

4. Eucalyptus Essential Oil

Eucalyptus oil not only repels bed bugs but also has the added benefit of soothing respiratory issues in humans. Its strong scent masks the odor of carbon dioxide, making it harder for bed bugs to find their prey. This oil will help keep bugs at bay. 

5. Clove Essential Oil

Clove oil contains compounds that can kill bed bugs on contact. Its potency makes it a valuable addition to your arsenal against these pests. 

6. Lemongrass Essential Oil

Lemongrass oil has a citrusy scent that can deter bed bugs and other pests. This is a great oil to fight bed bugs and insects at your home. 

7. Thyme Essential Oil 

Thyme oil contains thymol, a powerful compound known for its insect-repelling properties. This oil is also used in many insect repellents available in commercial stores. This is a great oil to eliminate the bed bug issue. 

8. Rosemary Essential Oil 

Rosemary oil has a pleasant herbal scent and can help keep bed bugs away. It contains antibacterial properties that help repel bed bugs.

9. Cedarwood Essential Oil 

Cedarwood oil has a woody aroma and is known for its insect-repellent properties. Its strong scent irritates the bugs and thus keeps them away. It has properties that also help in killing bed bugs. You can use this oil to create DIY products like natural pest control spray.

10. Neem Essential Oil 

Neem oil is derived from the neem tree and has strong antifungal and antibacterial properties that can help control bed bug infestations. This is one of the best natural insect repellents that can be used to kill bed bugs or repel them. This oil can also be used to keep the mosquitos away. 

11. Cinnamon Essential Oil

Cinnamon oil is one of the greatest enemies of bed bugs. It has a strong and overwhelming scent that the bed bugs cannot handle, and thus, it can be used to keep the bed bugs away. 

12. Lemon Essential Oil

Lemon oil is one of the most commonly used citrus essential oils. It has a strong citrus scent that has the ability to repel and kill bed bugs. Common bed bugs cannot resist the smell of lemon oil, so it keeps them away. 

These are some of the oils to use against bed bugs. 

How To Use Essential Oils For Bed Bugs In Your Home?

Now that you know which essential oils are effective against bed bugs, let’s discuss how to use them to tackle an infestation:

1. Dilution Is Key

Essential oils should never be applied directly to your skin or bedding. Instead, dilute them with a carrier oil, such as coconut or jojoba oil. This ensures that the oils are safe for use and prevent skin irritation. This is one of the best and most effective ways to use essential oils safely. 

2. Create a Bed Bug Repellent Spray

To create a bed bug repellent spray, mix a few drops of your chosen essential oil with water and a small amount of dish soap in a spray bottle. Shake well before each use, and then spray the mixture on your mattress, bedding, and any suspected hiding spots for bed bugs.

3. Use Essential Oil Diffusers

Another effective way to disperse essential oils is by using a diffuser. Place a few drops of your chosen oil in a diffuser and run it in your bedroom. This not only repels bed bugs but also creates a calming atmosphere for better sleep.

4. Regular Maintenance

Consistency is key in dealing with bed bugs. Reapply your chosen essential oil solution regularly, especially after washing your bedding.

DIY Recipes Using Essential Oils To Kill Bed Bugs Or Repel Bug Infestation | Create Your Own Bed Bug Repellent. 

Recipe #1 – Essential Oil Bed Bug Spray for your Bed Bug Problem


  • 10-15 drops of Lavender Essential Oil
  • 10-15 drops of Tea Tree Essential Oil
  • 10-15 drops of Peppermint Essential Oil
  • 1 cup of Water
  • 1 tablespoon of Dish Soap


  1. In a glass spray bottle, add the essential oils and dish soap.
  2. Fill the bottle with water and shake well to mix.
  3. Spray the mixture on your mattress, bedding, and any areas where bed bugs might hide.
  4. Repeat this process regularly for the best results.

Recipe #2 – Essential Oil Diffuser Blend for Bed Bug Prevention


  • 5 drops of Eucalyptus Essential Oil
  • 5 drops of Clove Essential Oil
  • 5 drops of Lavender Essential Oil


  1. Fill your essential oil diffuser with water.
  2. Add the specified number of drops of each essential oil.
  3. Turn on the diffuser in your bedroom while you sleep to deter bed bugs from approaching.

Recipe #3 – Homemade Bed Bug Repellent Sachets


  • Muslin or Cotton Sachet Bags
  • 10-15 drops of Lavender Essential Oil
  • 10-15 drops of Peppermint Essential Oil
  • 10-15 drops of Tea Tree Essential Oil
  • Dried Lavender Buds (optional)


  1. Fill muslin or cotton sachet bags with dried lavender buds, if desired.
  2. Add 10-15 drops of each essential oil to the sachet bags.
  3. Place these sachets under your mattress, in your closet, and in other areas where bed bugs might hide.
  4. Replace the essential oils in the sachets every few weeks to maintain their potency.

Recipe #4 – DIY Bed Bug Repellent Linen Spray


  • 10-15 drops of Peppermint Essential Oil
  • 10-15 drops of Eucalyptus Essential Oil
  • 1/4 cup of Witch Hazel
  • 3/4 cup of Water


  1. In a spray bottle, combine the essential oils with witch hazel.
  2. Add water to fill the rest of the bottle and shake well.
  3. Spray this mixture on your bedding, pillows, and around your sleeping area to repel bed bugs.

These DIY recipes harness the power of essential oils to help you prevent and combat bed bug infestations naturally. Incorporate them into your bed bug management routine, and remember to be consistent in your efforts to achieve the best results. Rubbing alcohol is another option for a DIY bed bug treatment, as it can help kill bugs on contact.

Some Other Effective Ways To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs

When exploring bed bug treatments, keep in mind that essential oils are just one of the many tools at your disposal for combating this resilient pest problem. Apart from the above essential oils mentioned, you can try the below measures as well:

1. Vacuuming 

Regularly vacuum your mattress, box spring, and the surrounding areas, including cracks and crevices. Be sure to empty the vacuum bag or canister in an outdoor trash bin immediately.

2. Steam Cleaning 

Use a high-temperature steam cleaner to treat your mattress, bedding, and other infested areas. Bed bugs are sensitive to heat, and steam can effectively kill them.

3. Washing and Drying 

Wash your bedding, curtains, and clothing in hot water (at least 120°F or 49°C) and then dry them on the hottest setting for at least 30 minutes. This will kill any bed bugs and their eggs.

4. Encasements 

Invest in bed bug-proof mattresses and box spring encasements. These zippered covers can trap any bed bugs inside and prevent them from escaping or infesting your mattress.

5. Declutter 

Reduce clutter in your home, as bed bugs can hide in cluttered areas. Dispose of unnecessary items and organize your living space to make it easier to detect and treat infestations.

6. Sealing Cracks and Crevices 

Seal any cracks or crevices in walls, baseboards, and furniture where bed bugs might hide using caulk or sealant.

7. Diatomaceous Earth (DE) 

DE is a natural, non-toxic powder that can be sprinkled in areas where bed bugs are likely to travel. It dehydrates and kills the bugs by damaging their exoskeleton. Do not forget to clear the dead bed bugs. 

8. Professional Pest Control 

If your bed bug infestation is severe or persistent, consider hiring a professional pest control service. They have access to effective treatments, such as heat treatments and chemical pesticides that can eliminate bed bugs.

9. Isolation 

If you suspect bed bugs in a specific area, isolate that area by sealing it off and using bed bug traps. This can help prevent the infestation from spreading to other parts of your home.

10. Regular Inspection 

After taking steps to eliminate bed bugs, continue to inspect your home regularly to ensure they haven’t returned. Early detection is key to preventing a full-blown infestation.

Risks and Precautionary Measures

Skin Sensitivity: Some individuals may be sensitive or allergic to certain essential oils. Direct contact with undiluted essential oils on the skin can lead to skin irritation, redness, or allergic reactions. Always dilute essential oils with a carrier oil before use, and perform a patch test on a small area of skin to check for any adverse reactions.

Respiratory Sensitivity: Inhaling concentrated essential oil vapors can cause respiratory irritation, especially in individuals with preexisting respiratory conditions like asthma or allergies. Ensure proper ventilation when using essential oils, and use a diffuser with caution, especially in enclosed spaces.

Eye Irritation: Essential oils can irritate the eyes if they come into contact with them. Be cautious when applying essential oil solutions, and wash your hands thoroughly after handling them to avoid accidentally touching your eyes.

Pets: Some essential oils can be toxic to pets, particularly cats. Keep essential oils and oil-infused products away from pets and their living areas. Consult with a veterinarian if you have concerns about the safety of specific essential oils around your pets.

Resistance: There is some evidence to suggest that bed bugs can develop resistance to certain essential oils over time. To combat this, it’s advisable to rotate the types of essential oils you use or combine them with other bed bug control methods.

Safety Precautions: Always follow safety guidelines and instructions when using essential oils. Keep them out of reach of children and pets, store them in a cool, dark place, and avoid ingesting them.

Quality of Essential Oils: The quality and purity of essential oils can vary significantly between brands. Choose high-quality, reputable brands to ensure you are using pure essential oils without additives or contaminants.


Bed bugs are hard to deal with. If you don’t want to use chemical pesticides directly on bed bugs, essential oils offer a safer and more environmentally friendly alternative. Essential oils may work effectively and can be used to get rid of bed bugs and other insects. While some essential oils are highly effective against bed bugs, it’s essential to understand that not all oils don’t have the same impact on these pests. 

Bed bug infestations can be persistent, but with the right combination of essential oils and proactive measures, you can effectively address the issue. Several essential oils often are used in commercial insect repellents as well. So, try essential oils today for your bed bug issue. 

If, even after trying the above measures, you see that the bed bug infestation is still serious, you should call a pest control company for a proper cleaning service.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the best essential oil to kill bed bugs?

Essential oils like lavender, tea tree, peppermint, eucalyptus, clove, lemongrass, thyme, rosemary, cedarwood, neem, cinnamon, lemon, etc. are some of the best oils to kill bed bugs.

How do you mix essential oils to kill bed bugs?

You need to dilute the essential oils with any carrier oil, witch hazel, distilled water, or rubbing alcohol and then use it to kill bed bugs.

What essential oil scents do bed bugs hate?

The scent of essential oils like lavender, clove, peppermint, eucalyptus, rosemary, cinnamon, neem, cedarwood, etc. are hated by bed bugs. 

Do essential oils really kill bed bugs?

Yes, essential oils have a strong and overpowering scent for these bed bugs that helps to repel or kill them. Also, it contains antibacterial, and antimicrobial properties that help in killing bed bugs. 

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